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South Carolina Gov. James Orr Analyzes the First Three Years of Reconstruction in the S.C. July 1868

Discussion in 'Post Civil War History, The Reconstruction Period' started by Pat Young, Jul 13, 2018.

  1. Pat Young

    Pat Young Brev. Brig. Gen'l Forum Host Featured Book Reviewer

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    James Orr had been a prominent advocate of states' rights and defender of slavery before the Civil War. He succeeded Nathaniel Banks as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. During the 1861 secession crisis Orr advocated a moderate course, but when war broke out he raised a Confederate regiment. He served in the Confederate Senate. After the war, Orr was elected governor and was an important figure in the National Union Party supporting Andrew Johnson and opposing Radical Republicanism.

    In 1868 Orr gave this speech upon leaving the office of governor. It was reported in the July 15, 1868 NY Times.


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  3. Pat Young

    Pat Young Brev. Brig. Gen'l Forum Host Featured Book Reviewer

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  4. Pat Young

    Pat Young Brev. Brig. Gen'l Forum Host Featured Book Reviewer

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  5. Pat Young

    Pat Young Brev. Brig. Gen'l Forum Host Featured Book Reviewer

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  6. Pat Young

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    Here is Orr on the voting boycott organized by white conservatives:

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  7. Pat Young

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    Orr supported limited Black suffrage:

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  8. Pat Young

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    While Orr supported extending the vote to a very limited number of blacks, he opposed universal male suffrage, describing the black voters as ignorant and vicious.

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  9. Pat Young

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    Orr said that suffrage for blacks would inevitably result in bad government and he recommended that whites work to reverse Federal requirements of universal male suffrage.

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  10. Pat Young

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  11. Pat Young

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    Orr worried that if the Democrats got their way, anarchy could result:

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  12. Pat Young

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    Orr was a conservative, but also a man concerned about the legal consequences of the counter-revolution:

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  13. Pat Young

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    Orr offered his analysis of black voting patterns, which was more realistic than than that I have come across from other white Southern conservatives. He did not believe that blacks were manipulated into voting Republican, but rather that such political allegiances were the result of the Republicans having ended slavery and extended the franchise, while the Democrats had campaigned on taking the vote away from non-whites:


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  14. Pat Young

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    orr41.JPG
    So, while the Republicans don't manipulate the black vote, Orr recommends that whites manipulate and control the black vote.
     
  15. Pat Young

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    Attached Files:

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  17. DRW

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    Interesting in light of other discussions here.
     
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  18. DRW

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    I always love the irony of a class of men who just led "their people" into a disasterous war that obliterated a generation have the gall to question the intelligence or capability of other groups to get involved in government.
     
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  19. uaskme

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    Did the Republicans want Poor Whites or Blacks to Vote in the Yankee States? NY had a $250 Exclusion. Probably where Orr got his Idea!
     
  20. Pat Young

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  21. Pat Young

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    Then there is the final leave-taking.

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